The discovery could be the basis for developing more personalized treatments to fight the disease.
A study by Swedish and Finnish scientists has identified five new types of diabetes, according to the medical journal “The Lancet”.
The researchers looked at five groups of patients with diabetes who had ” significantly different ” characteristics, as well as “risk of different complications.” Usually, as the publication indicates, there are two types of diabetes, 1 and 2, but 2 is often ” very heterogeneous .”
Those responsible for the study say the finding could be the basis for developing more personalized treatments to fight the disease and identify those at a higher risk of complications at the diagnostic stage. In addition, according to scholars, type 3 of the disease is the most resistant to insulin and people who have a significantly higher risk of developing diabetic kidney disease (DRD) than type 4 and 5 diabetes patients.
In turn, type 2 of the disease is what most can lead to diabetic retinopathy, a major cause of blindness.
To compile the report, the scientists analyzed data from newly diagnosed patients with the disease.
“This new classification may help to adapt and direct the most advanced treatments for patients, which represents the first step for precision medicine in diabetes,” the researchers conclude.